g     per veritatem iustitia


This site discusses political economics. Due to hacker activity, we will pare this website down to a few reviewed files. Please read this legal disclaimer before proceeding.


Comments:                            Policy                          Practice and Theory:     

Including 10/1/17 commentary  3/1/19 ←PORT NOTE(2)   9/1/08            7/1/18      9/1/18    12/1/18    

                                                      1/1/19        2/1/19        5/1/19   N.B.→ 6/1/19     9/1/19




After benefiting from Russian help in the 2016 election, President Trump corruptly sought Ukrainian help to find political dirt on Joe Biden. We are lucky that there are people in the government who believe in the rule of law rather than in the rule of Trump. To quote a British M.P., “Where the law ends, tyranny begins.”


The 10/4/19 Washington Post later notes, “…the record shows that Mr. Trump and his retainers kept raising their demands (of Ukraine), like a casino developer squeezing a plumbing contractor.”


Many of his supporters retort to the increasing stream of revelations, “Not true”, “Fake News.” We hope they will not remain impervious to the truth, because on that depends the real solutions to our real world challenges. Truth, former ambassador James Melville says, is the fundamental way the West governs.* “If we can’t think for ourselves, if we’re unwilling to question authority, then we’re just putty in the hands of those in power. But if the citizens are educated and form their own opinions, then those in power work for us.”**

* This is the goal of its legal processes. ** Carl Sagan, “The Demon-Haunted World”, 1995.


We think these are the most relevant articles concerning the effects of rapid change and market volatility upon societies:

1. Most Recent: The Feasibility of Renewable Energy

2. The Dimensions of Climate Change                                     Footnote 7

3. What to Do  (rev.)    Testing The Reasons,                           Footnote 12a

4.  Climate Change and the Economy                                       Additional Comment +

5. Adam Smith and the Modern World n.b.                                                                                                                

6. Values and Society n.b.                                                             Footnote 17

7. How Liberal Societies Decide                                                  Addenda (i-v)

8. The Contours of Change  n.b.

9. The Limitations of Very Limited Government

10. Reason, Economic Growth and Government

11.  Reason in the Modern World

12. The Necessity of Social Consensus 

13. The Effect of Broad Economic Forces on U.S. Workers  

14. The Effects of Automation on Work and Politics 

15. Modern Economics and Growth

16.The French Revolution of 1789 and the Precondition for Effective Change

17.The Nature of Stock Market Equilibrium


We hope these continuing discussions and articles will be helpful to you.